There are many different types of economics, but there are only four main differences between macro and micro economics. In fact there are very few similarities.
One difference between macro and micro is that in macroeconomics, there is a lot of focus on the total economy as a whole. Because the macro economy affects the rest of the economy, it is important to look at all aspects of the economy. While this is important, macro economics does not have a much broader perspective than micro. For example, there is no focus on the family, or families that do not have a home, and there is not a great deal of focus on the environment.
Microeconomics, on the other hand, is all about the individual. A family's interest is much more focused on the family as an entity, and not necessarily on the individual family member. This is why micro is considered “tautology” by economists, because it is always based around the individual. In microeconomics, the individual is usually only seen as a part of an overall economic system.
Microeconomics is also not very concerned with the environment. While in macro economies, environmental issues are often addressed, they are often treated as a secondary concern. It is generally assumed that the current pollution levels in the environment is normal. However, it is often possible for a person to reduce their impact on the environment if he or she were to invest in the necessary technology.
Macro economies also do not have any interest in the free market. Even if the macro economy is not a perfect market, a person's ability to choose from a wide range of choices is considered important, and it can be difficult to find a service provider in a micro economy without paying.
Overall, macroeconomics is often called upon when the individual needs a solution. Microeconomics is more concerned with the entire economy and is more focused on the individual.
There is also a difference between macro and micro that has to do with government intervention. With macroeconomics, there is usually a strong level of government intervention, because the government is more likely to make decisions that will help the economy in some way. However, when it comes to microeconomics, the government is generally seen as a hindrance, and the market takes over.
It is important to note that both micro and macro are equally valid. The only real difference between them is where the focus is placed. When it comes to macro, the focus is on the individual, when it comes to micro, it is on the family.
As you can see, both micro and macro have their own place. Even though they share the same general goal, they both have their own unique ways of reaching their goals.