It is no secret that the industrial revolution has been one of the greatest contributors to the economic growth of the United States. The dawn of the Industrial Revolution created wealth and new opportunities that have yet to be fully felt in this country. One of the greatest contributions to this growth was the development of new techniques for the manufacture of clothing, particularly cotton. Although cotton production had previously been centered on producing cotton skirts and dresses, the impact of the Industrial Revolution made it possible to mass produce cotton shirts. The resulting products were far better than anything that could be produced previous to this period of time.
The textile manufacturers were able to tap into the raw materials that was relatively low in cost, but provided the raw materials that textile makers from other nations could not. The result was that textile manufacturers from places such as England, Portugal and Germany could compete with the Japanese in the textile market. Textile technology underwent major transformations in the wake of the Industrial Revolution. This spanned the nation. Most textile manufacturers were either based in the North or South.
In the North, textile manufacturers enjoyed a period of economic growth relative to their counterparts in the South. The South did not enjoy the same level of development. In the North, textile manufacturers could tap into high quality wool and silk that were relatively expensive relative to other textiles. In the South, cotton textile manufacturers, predominately slave, were able to exploit labor and use sophisticated techniques to create cloth products at a low rate relative to textile manufacturing in other regions. Slaves in the southern textile industry were able to survive and contribute to the economic well being of the nation.
No economic development can occur in isolation. Economic development occurs when nations work together to make decisions that benefit them as a whole. For the textile manufacturers in the United States, the textile and clothing industries were able to prosper and grow largely because they were able to cooperate with the textile industry of the United States in terms of protective tariffs and import duties. Combined with the ability to use technologies that were less costly in the wake of the Industrial Revolution, the ability of the textile industry to thrive and grow provided a significant boost to the overall economy.
The textile manufacturers of the United States were able to use innovations such as the shuttle looms that made the production of woollen materials cheaper and more efficient. The growth of the textile industry provided the means for textile manufacturers in the United States to feed and clothe an entire population that was struggling to survive during and after the Industrial Revolution. The rise of the cotton gin gave rise to textile stores and the associated economic growth. The growth in the textile industry also gave rise to the development of the cotton gin, which allowed textile manufacturers to process cotton into thread.
As the Industrial Revolution progressed, the demand for textile manufacturers' raw materials and the complexity of the textile manufacturing process increased. This resulted in the need for skilled textile workers. These workers were required to perform tasks that previously . . . . . . had been performed by child labour. The success of the Industrial Revolution led to the growth of textile manufacturers in the United States.