Rural economic activities are directed towards enhancing the living conditions of the poor in rural areas. rural economic activities include agricultural production, small scale farming, animal husbandry, processing of agricultural produce, tourism, etc. It also includes the small scale processing, transportation, and sales of rural produce. These rural economic activities provide employment to rural people and enable them to sustain their basic needs and thus become financially stable.
The growth of rural economy depends on the rural people themselves who develop their skills through small scale rural economic activities such as animal husbandry, processing of agricultural produce, tourism, etc. The government supports these small scale rural economic activities by providing financial, technical, and other necessary assistance to them. The rural development projects aim at providing the rural people with better living conditions, social security, basic infrastructure facilities, improved health, higher education, and job opportunities. For this, the rural economic development department of a state helps out with the different projects designed for the upliftment of the rural poor. The state has a dedicated rural development department, which focuses on different aspects of rural economic activities.
In order to promote the rural economic development, the state government has designed different programs for rural development. Many rural development programs were designed initially for the upliftment of the poor class of people living in the rural areas. But later, the government started supporting the small-scale farmers as well. Some of the programmes include improved irrigation facilities, agricultural marketing programs, rural extension services, rural business programs, rural fund programs, rural poverty programs, etc.
Developmental programs for rural economic activities support the development of rural areas. Through these programmes, the rural people can improve their condition by improving their productivity. The programme aims at improving the living standards of the rural poor. There are many rural economic development programmes which aim at promoting the agricultural production. Farmers can improve their productivity by breeding cattle, improving their food production, increasing the value of agricultural outputs and so on.
Other rural development activities include promoting small-scale infrastructure development and construction of roads, dams, airports, teak plantations, etc. These measures help in promoting rural economic activity. The state encourages rural development through its policy of financial assistance. The financial help offered to the rural population is provided to encourage them to improve their living conditions. These grants are used for improving the living standard of the people in rural areas.
Different types of rural economic activities are required to promote rural development. Agriculture is a key area for rural development. Farmers can produce the maximum number of crops per year if they have access to cheap land, fertilizer, fertilizers and timely weather forecasts. A large number of researches have been conducted in the agricultural field to improve the farm products.
Livestock farming is another important area for rural economic activity. The animals can be fed with surplus animal feed available at the market, if there are sufficient stocks. Livestock farming promotes rural economic activity, as animals are not over-productive. Instead, they give a lot of milk, meat and eggs to local people.
Marketing of rural products and agriculture is promoted by the state through various policies. Milk packing is one way to promote rural development in India. Dairy farms also produce milk products. The state encourages farmers to produce milk, thus stimulating the rural economy. . . . . . . This process will help farmers get profits from their dairy production and thereby help rural development in India.
There are various activities undertaken by the rural development projects to improve agricultural productivity and rural standard of living. There are special schemes for the backward farmers and other economically and socially disadvantaged sections of the community. The state has a special rural development office that coordinates with different organizations and individuals. Farmers' cooperatives work as a great cooperative effort to promote agricultural development. Farmers collect the products produced by the different members of the cooperative and sell it at the market for a profit.
Another rural economic activity is microenterprise. Microenterprise refers to an agreement between a group of individuals or small holders and an organization for the development of rural economy. There are many microenterprise trusts and companies set up in rural areas for the rural development. Microenterprise has given a new direction to rural economic activity.
Technological advances and modern methods of management have changed the face of rural economic activity. The impact has been far reaching and has offered scope for rural development in several ways. Different types of machines are used to increase production, some being imported from developed countries. Modern modes of communication have become common among the rural people and the growth of rural economy depends upon the effectiveness of these new modes of communication. A strong rural development plan must take these changing rural conditions into consideration.