The main purpose of a business loan is to assist a business or company with financing. These loans are a necessary tool for a growing business that does not have the funds available to fund their operations out of pocket. Here is a look at the types of business loans and the requirements needed to obtain such a loan for a company or business.
The first type of financing is a grant. These are provided by the government to businesses and other organizations in need of capital funds. While they do not typically require repayment, a business must prove that they will use the funds for the intended purpose. A business must also provide a yearly report on how the funds were used.
Another type of financing is a business loan. This is most commonly used for start up needs of a business. Small business loans are usually given with short terms, making it easy to repay after the fact. Small business loans are also given with lower interest rates and flexible repayment terms than most other types of funding options.
The third type of funding is an employee stock ownership loan (ESOL) programs. These are often given to small businesses that want to finance their payroll costs and other employee related expenses. While these tend to be much more expensive to receive, business owners are often able to recoup some of their losses through tax deductions. Businesses must prove that the percentage of ownership in the business is higher than the amount of salary paid to the employee.
The last type of loan is a personal loan. These are given by friends or family for the purposes of funding specific projects or items. This type of loan is best done with careful planning. It's important to determine exactly what the project is, how much money is needed and for how long. The business owner must also be able to explain why they need this particular loan.
In addition to business loans, many banks and credit unions offer small business loans. These can be obtained through traditional methods or through newer online methods. For many people, applying online is the easiest way to secure financing for a small business. Online lenders can generally give more competitive rates and terms than local banks.
As a final option, a small business owner can ask their employer if they will help pay off the debt. Most employers will see an employee as a valuable asset that will be worth their investment. If a business is going under, it could cause serious trouble for the owner should they choose to allow the employee to go without pay. Usually, this type of arrangement is made when the business is still a small one and has only a few employees. The benefits to the employee far outweigh the risks, especially if the employer extends the loan for a period of time.
Of course, the ultimate responsibility for paying off any debt lies with the employee. If an employee does not show up to work and the business is not able to make its payroll, then there may not be enough money for the employee to pay off the debts. This is where a small business loan makes an enormous difference. Many employees are so attached to their jobs, that if there are no funds available, they are likely to quit. This could be devastating for the business, if this happens.
Because there are so many different small business loans out there, it helps to know which loans provide the best terms. For example, some business loans are secured loans, meaning the business secures the money with either its own property or personal assets. This type of loan is preferred because it provides the business owner with a low interest rate, but the downside . . . . . . is that the company can lose its collateral should it not be able to cover the payments. Most businesses that have secured loans have a 30-day grace period in which to repay the loan before having to give up the collateral.
Unsecured small business loans are provided with no collateral at all. This makes them ideal for businesses that do not have much equity to work with or have a poor credit history. These types of loans tend to have a higher interest rate, but the good news is that they can be paid off much faster because there is no collateral to keep security against the loan. Businesses that obtain these loans are usually well above the debt line before paying back the money and are in much better financial shape when they are finished with the business.
When an employee gets a small business loan to purchase equipment or pay off debts, this money does not go directly to the business. Instead, the money goes directly to the employee. Because this money can be risky for the business, it is important that an employee only takes out a small business loan if they absolutely need to purchase the necessary equipment or supplies for the business.