Agriculture is one sector that plays a very vital role in overall economic development. Agriculture has contributed significantly to the economic well being of the nation and therefore; the government has encouraged people to invest in it. There are various sectors in the agricultural sector that have contributed largely to the overall growth of the economy.
Agriculture is the major form of input used for the production of food. The variety of crops is the result of the natural productivity of the soil and hence, agricultural products are obtained through the process of cultivation. Agriculture is classified into various forms such as primary production, household production, retail production, nursery production, animal production, fruit production, dairy production and poultry production.
Agriculture is the primary producer of food. The variety of food produced is directly related to the productivity of the land and hence, the income of the farmer is directly linked to the productivity of the land. Agriculture is highly diversified and covers nearly all the land surface within the country. The land in the southern part of the country is more productive compared to the land in the north. The productive area of agriculture is approximately 13 times the area of the urban area. agriculture produces a variety of food including cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits, meat and oil.
The production of food in the form of cereals and pulses is highly diversified. Rice is the most important food crop in this regard. This variety of cereal is available in different forms such as moist, dry, air-dried, instant, or even sugar-ready form. Paddy is the best variety of cereals. Another important crop in this context is wheat, which is the second most popular food in the Indian subcontinent after rice. Wheat is widely consumed for consumption as food, both for domestic use and for industrial purpose.
There are different varieties of vegetables available on the Indian subcontinent. This is the reason why there is great demand for the vegetables in the country. This variety of vegetables include onions, potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, spinach, cauliflower, okra, beans, corn, pea and corn root.
The food production in the agricultural sector has increased tremendously in the last two decades. With this increase in the production, the demand for agricultural products has also increased. The government is supporting the agricultural activity vigorously in order to meet the increased demand for the agricultural products. The policy of the government is encouraging the agricultural sector by offering various financial aids. One of the major benefits offered by the government is a tax rebate, and there are also many other fiscal benefits that one can avail to boost the agricultural production.
The availability of variety is another important factor that has made agricultural development successful in the country. Farmers have been able to experiment with different varieties and choose the ones that yield good yield. In this way they can increase the productivity and reduce the cost involved in the process. There has been a significant improvement in the quality of the food available at reasonable rates. Apart from this, farmers are also trying to use advanced tools and technologies to increase the productivity of the food.
Agriculture is playing an important role in the overall development of the economy. It not only provides employment but also helps in providing a supportive environment to the families. The food grown is directly consumed, which means that the development of agriculture leads to the overall development of the economy. The governments of the country are also supporting the agricultural development with monetary and other financial aids.
There are many factors that contribute to the development of agriculture. Increase in productivity due to better utilization of land, improvements in crop production and use of improved machinery, breeding of more beneficial genetically modified crops, and variety of livestock being used in increasing the productivity and encouraging better cash returns are some of the important factors. Irrigation, aeration, soil preparation, and pesticides are some of the modern techniques being used to increase the productivity in the field. There is a great demand for skilled labor in the agricultural sector.
Agriculture has also made a significant contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the developing countries. The huge export earnings have assisted the poorer sections of the population to attain the standard of living. The development aid meant for agricultural sector is provided to help farmers improve the quality of the produce and to encourage their marketing practices. The NRI's and other national investors are also making large investments in the agricultural sector.
There are several policies and programs designed by the government for agricultural development. These are designed to promote food processing and industrialization. These policies help the smallholders to increase their income level. It is one of the key sectors that contributes to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). With the consistent policies of the government for agricultural development the economy of the country will become stronger and will contribute to the GDP.
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